Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
A Multiple Cell Proportional Counter for Continuous Airborne Radon Assessment
Settore scientifico disciplinare
Corso di studi
SICUREZZA NUCLEARE E INDUSTRIALE
Relatore Prof. Curzio, Giorgio
- Monte Carlo simulation
- Gas gain
- Electron attachment
- Proportional Counters
- Radon activity concentration
Data inizio appello
Data di rilascio
A new proportional counter type, baptized Multiple Cell Proportional Counter (MCPC), intended for continuous airborne radon activity measurements is described and its operation principle presented. This gas-flow proportional counter, consisting in a pile-up of 20 separate proportional counters elements, uses an argon-propane (1%) as a binary gas mixture to which is admixed an appropriate fraction of ambient air, in which radon activity concentration has to be continuously measured through a periodic counting of the áparticles emitted by 222Rn and its short-lived decay products within the sensitive volume. A Monte Carlo simulation code, RADON-MCPC, which takes into account the major physical processes that determine directly the detector performances, has been written and used for design optimization purposes. According to preliminary design calculations the MCPC model, should achieve a radon counting efficiency greater than 100 %. The simulation results show that the admixture of 10 % of ambient air seems to be sufficient to continuously assess radon concentration levels ranging from about 15 Bq/m3 up to 1.5 105 kBq/m3 for an integral counting period of 10 minutes, when setting the energy discrimination at 250 keV. The expected radon sensitivity is about 11 cpm /100 Bq⋅m-3, achieving thus a measurement accuracy of ± 10 Bq/m3 at a mean radon concentration level of 100 Bq/m3 with a detector time response of 10 min. The preliminary experimental á spectra registered show a great agreement with those obtained through the simulation code.
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