Sistema ETD

banca dati delle tesi e dissertazioni accademiche elettroniche


Tesi etd-07192007-165722

Tipo di tesi
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Antonelli, Michela
Indirizzo email,
Computerized detection and diagnosis of lung lesions using CT
Settore scientifico disciplinare
Corso di studi
Relatore Prof. Marcelloni, Francesco
Relatore Prof.ssa Lazzerini, Beatrice
Parole chiave
  • Image processing
  • Computer Aided
Data inizio appello
Data di rilascio
Riassunto analitico
The CAD system described in this thesis is able to automatically detect nodules in lung CT images and to
automatically perform the diagnosis of such nodules. The system has the following novel characteristics:
-it performs the automatic diagnosis without requiring any intervention by the radiologist in any of
the phases it consists of;
-it does not emulate a single radiologist, but a team of radiologists.
In particular, the first characteristic means that the system can replace the radiologist both for detecting
the presence of nodules (by distinguishing them from the other anatomical structures), and classifying
them into benign and malignant.
The second characteristic, on the other hand, means that the CAD system is made of a set of CAD
subsystems independent of each other, each able to perform a diagnosis. More precisely, we have
considered, within the radiologist’s activity, three distinct and subsequent phases: the search for ROIs,
their classification into nodules and non-nodules, and nodule diagnosis.
At the start we developed our project by implementing different techniques to perform the three phases
of CAD. Each technique, which can work “stand-alone", has been tested on a significant set of CT scans.
Subsequently we built a system that takes into consideration all the set of techniques to obtain a more
robust output for each phase. Our system is composed of three modules, one for each phase and each
module contains submodules to implement the techniques.