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Tesi etd-12062011-191704


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
MARINELLI, SELENA
URN
etd-12062011-191704
Title
Zeros and degrees of characters of finite groups
Settore scientifico disciplinare
MAT/02
Corso di studi
MATEMATICA
Supervisors
tutor Prof. Dolfi, Silvio
relatore Prof. Navarro, Gabriel
Parole chiave
  • Vanishing and non-vanishing elements
  • real irreducible characters
  • irreducible character degrees
  • Character theory
Data inizio appello
16/12/2011;
Consultabilità
Completa
Riassunto analitico
This thesis addresses some questions about the relationship between the structure of finite groups and the set of their character degrees (Chapters 2 and 5) and the set of their vanishing elements (Chapters 3 and 4).

In Chapter 2,we study the groups G such that
whenever $1\neq\chi,\psi \in$ Irr(G) have the same degree,then there exists an automorphism $\alpha$ of G such that $\chi=\psi^{\alpha}$. We call AC the class of such groups G. In Section 2.2, we give a tight description of the
structure of solvable groups in AC. In Section 2.3, we discuss the problem of determining all the simple groups in AC.

In Chapter 3, we generalize some recent results regarding the relationship between the structure of a group and his vanishing elements.

In Chapter 4, we solve a new problem concerning vanishing elements and characters with prescribed fields of values. Let F be a subfield of $\mathbb{C}$, we write Irr$_{F}$(G) for the set of those $\chi$ in Irr(G) such that $\chi(g) \in F$ for all $g \in G$. Then we consider $F=\mathbb{R}$ and the set of real-valued (or real) irreducible characters of G.
The main goal of Chapter 4 states that if $\chi(x) \neq 0$ for all real $\chi$ in Irr(G) and all 2-elements x in G, then
G has a normal Sylow 2-subgroup.

Finally, in Chapter 5, we come back to an old problem by R. Gow (in 1975), on the groups whose irreducible character degrees can be linearly ordered by divisibility. Gow's main result is not complete: there are three undecided cases. In Chapter 5 we will settle two of these three cases.
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