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Tesi etd-11242018-182437


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
MORASCHINI, MARCO
URN
etd-11242018-182437
Title
On Gromov's theory of multicomplexes: the original approach to bounded cohomology and simplicial volume
Settore scientifico disciplinare
MAT/03
Corso di studi
MATEMATICA
Commissione
tutor Prof. Frigerio, Roberto
Parole chiave
  • simplicial complexes
  • simplicial sets
  • PL manifolds
  • simplicial volume
  • bounded cohomology
  • multicomplexes
  • triangulable manifolds
  • homotopy theory
  • geometric topology
Data inizio appello
06/12/2018;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
The simplicial volume is a homotopy invariant of manifolds introduced by Gromov in his pioneering paper "Volume and bounded cohomology". In order to study the main properties of simplicial volume, Gromov himself initiated the dual theory of bounded cohomology, which then developed into a very active and independent research field.
Gromov's theory of bounded cohomology of topological spaces was based on the use of multicomplexes, which are simplicial structures that generalize simplicial complexes without allowing all the degeneracies appearing in simplicial sets.

The first aim of this thesis is to lay the foundation of the theory of multicomplexes. After setting the main definitions, we construct the singular multicomplex K(X) associated to a topological space X, and we prove that the geometric realization of K(X) is homotopy equivalent to X for every CW complex X. Following Gromov, we introduce the notion of completeness, which, roughly speaking, translates into the context of multicomplexes the Kan condition for simplicial sets. We then develop the homotopy theory of complete multicomplexes, and we show that K(X) is complete for every CW complex X.

In the second part of this thesis we apply the theory of multicomplexes to the study of the bounded cohomology of topological spaces.
Our constructions and arguments culminate in the complete proofs of Gromov's Mapping Theorem (which implies in particular that the bounded cohomology of a space only depends on its fundamental group) and of Gromov's Vanishing Theorem, which ensures the vanishing of the simplicial volume of closed manifolds admitting an amenable cover of small multiplicity.

The third and last part of the thesis is devoted to the study of locally finite chains on non-compact spaces, hence to the simplicial volume of open manifolds. We expand some ideas of Gromov to provide complete proofs of a criterion for the vanishing and a criterion for the finiteness of the simplicial volume of open manifolds. As a by-product of these results, we prove a criterion for the l1-invisibility of closed manifolds in terms of amenable covers. As an application, we give the first complete proof of the vanishing of the simplicial volume of the product of three open manifolds.
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