Sistema ETD

Archivio digitale delle tesi discusse presso l'Università di Pisa

 

Tesi etd-10122017-201446


Tipo di tesi
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Autore
DE SALVE, ANDREA
URN
etd-10122017-201446
Titolo
Preserving privacy of contents in Decentralized Online Social Networks
Settore scientifico disciplinare
INF/01
Corso di studi
INFORMATICA
Commissione
tutor Prof.ssa Ricci, Laura Emilia Maria
tutor Dott. Mori, Paolo
Parole chiave
  • P2P
  • Data Privacy
  • Data Availability
  • Decentralized Online Social Networks
Data inizio appello
08/11/2017;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
Traditional Online Social Networks (OSNs), which are based on a single service provider, suffer several drawbacks, first of all the privacy issues arising from the delegation of user data to a single entity, the OSN provider. In the last years, Distributed Online Social Networks (DOSNs) have been proposed to shift the control over user data from the OSN provider to the users of the DOSN themselves. Indeed, in contrast to centralized OSNs (such as Facebook), DOSNs are not based on centralized storage services which decide the term of service and the contents shared by the users are stored on the devices of the users themselves. However, the lack of a centralized entity introduces new interesting challenges, like that of guaranteeing the availability of user’s contents when the user disconnects from the DOSN and the privacy of the user’s contents.
In this dissertation we investigate the problem of preserving the privacy of the contents shared by users of DOSNs by focusing on two different aspects: i) the need of defining proper privacy policies for content access and ii) the storage (allocation and replication) of these contents on the nodes which build up the DOSN system. When efficiency has to be taken into account, new solutions have to be devised that minimize as much as possible the overhead introduced by the enforcement of the privacy policy and enable a higher contents availability through distribution and replication. Current solutions fall short in meeting the above criteria, while in this dissertation we proposed two approaches which adopt two very different solutions to guarantee the protection of the contents according to the privacy preferences of users and efficiently reduce the overhead introduced by privacy enforcement mechanisms.
The proposed approaches are validated by an experimental campaign based on data obtained from a real OSN which have enabled the definition of a set of simulations
taking into account realistic scenarios. The experimental results obtained from a set of simulations performed on real traces show the effectiveness of our approaches.
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