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Tesi etd-05152007-121906


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
Focacci, Francesco
URN
etd-05152007-121906
Title
Platforms for prototyping minimally invasive instruments
Settore scientifico disciplinare
ING-IND/34
Corso di studi
TECNOLOGIE PER LA SALUTE: VALUTAZIONE E GESTIONE DELLE INNOVAZIONI NEL SETTORE BIOMEDICALE
Commissione
Relatore Prof. Pietrabissa, Andrea
Relatore Prof. Dario, Paolo
Relatore Dott. Tonet, Oliver
Parole chiave
  • Prototyping platforms
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Mechatronic instruments
Data inizio appello
14/03/2007;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
The introduction of new technologies in medicine is often an issue because there are many stages to go through, from the idea to the approval by ethical committees and mass production. This work covers the first steps of the development of a medical device, dealing with the tools that can help to reduce the time for producing the laboratory prototype. These tools can involve electronics and software for the creation of a “universal”' hardware platform that can be used for many robotic applications, adapting only few components for the specific scenario. The platform is created by setting up a traditional computer with operating system and acquisition channels aimed at opening the system toward the real environment. On this platform algorithms can be implemented rapidly, allowing to assess the feasibility of an idea. This approach lets the designer concentrate on the application rather than on the selection of the appropriate hardware electronics every time that a new project starts. In the first part an overview of the existing instruments for minimally invasive interventions that can be found as commercial or research products is given. An introduction related to hardware electronics is presented with the requirements and the specific characteristics needed for a robotic application. The second part focuses on specific projects in MIS. The first project concerns the study and the development of a lightweight hand-held robotic instrument for laparoscopy. Motivations are related to the lack of dexterous hand-held laparoscopic instruments. The second project concerns the study and the presentation of a prototype of a robotic endoscope with enhanced resolution. The third project concerns the development of a system able to detect the inspiration and the expiration phases. The aim is to evaluate the weariness of the surgeon, since breathing can be related to fatigue.
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