ETD system

Electronic theses and dissertations repository


Tesi etd-05082013-195234

Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Design and Testing of Electronic Devices for Harsh Environments
Settore scientifico disciplinare
Corso di studi
tutor Prof. Saponara, Sergio
tutor Prof. Fanucci, Luca
tutor Dott. Magazzù, Guido
Parole chiave
  • Intelligent Power Switch
  • Integrated Circuits
  • High Voltage CMOS
  • High Energy Physics experiments readout
  • automotive electronics
  • architectures and circuits for harsh environments
  • radiation tolerance
  • serial communications
Data inizio appello
Riassunto analitico
In this thesis an overview of the research activity focused on development, design<br>and testing of electronic devices and systems for harsh environments has been<br>reported. The scope of the work has been the design and validation flow of<br>Integrated Circuits operating in two harsh applications: Automotive and High<br>Energy Physics experiments.<br>In order to fulfill the severe operating electrical and environmental conditions of<br>automotive applications, a systematic methodology has been followed in the<br>design of an innovative Intelligent Power Switch: several design solutions have<br>been developed at architectural and circuital level, integrating on-chip selfdiagnostic<br>capabilities and full protection against high voltage and reverse polarity,<br>effects of wiring parasitics, over-current and over-temperature phenomena.<br>Moreover current slope and soft start integrated techniques has ensured low EMI,<br>making the Intelligent Power Switch also configurable to drive different interchangeable<br>loads efficiently. The innovative device proposed has been<br>implemented in a 0.35 μm HV-CMOS technology and embedded in mechatronic<br>3rd generation brush-holder regulator System-on-Chip for an automotive alternator.<br>Electrical simulations and experimental characterization and testing at componentlevel<br>and on-board system-level has proven that the proposed design allows for a<br>compact and smart power switch realization, facing the harshest automotive<br>conditions. The smart driver has been able to supply up to 1.5 A to various types of<br>loads (e.g.: incadescent lamp bulbs, LED), in operating temperatures in the wide<br>range -40 °C to 150 °C, with robustness against high voltage up to 55 V and<br>reverse polarity up to -15 V.<br>The second branch of research activity has been framed within the High Energy<br>Physics area, leading to the development of a general purpose and flexible<br>protocol for the data acquisition and the distribution of Timing, Trigger and Control<br>signals and its implementation in radiation tolerant interfaces in CMOS 130 nm<br>technology. The several features integrated in the protocol has made it suitable for<br>different High Energy Physics experiments: flexibility w.r.t. bandwidth and latency<br>requirements, robustness of critical information against radiation-induced errors,<br>compatibility with different data types, flexibility w.r.t the architecture of the control<br>and readout systems, are the key features of this novel protocol.<br>Innovative radiation hardening techniques have been studied and implemented in<br>the test-chip to ensure the proper functioning in operating environments with a high<br>level of radiation, such as the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva.<br>An FPGA-based emulator has been developed and, in a first phase, employed for<br>functional validation of the protocol. In a second step, the emulator has been<br>modified as test-bed to assess the Transmitter and Receiver interfaces embedded<br>on the test-chip. An extensive phase of tests has proven the functioning of the<br>interfaces at the three speed options, 4xF, 8xF and 16xF (F = reference clock<br>frequency) in different configurations.<br>Finally, irradiation tests has been performed at CERN X-rays irradiation facility,<br>bearing out the proper behaviour of the interfaces up to 40 Mrad(SiO2).