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Tesi etd-05072014-180125


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
JOHNSON, MARTINA
URN
etd-05072014-180125
Title
Towards a linguistic definition of metonymy
Settore scientifico disciplinare
L-LIN/12
Corso di studi
DISCIPLINE UMANISTICHE
Commissione
tutor Prof. Lenci, Alessandro
commissario Prof. Catricalà, Maria
commissario Prof. Crawford Camiciottoli, Belinda
commissario Prof. Nuccorini, Stefania
tutor Prof.ssa Bertuccelli Papi, Marcella
Parole chiave
  • metonymic conventionality
  • metonymic productivity
  • free pragmatic enrichment
  • conceptual metonymy
  • conceptual contiguity
  • cognitive salience
  • Cognitive Linguistics
  • metonymy
  • reference shift
  • semantic type shift
Data inizio appello
03/07/2014;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
In this work, I attempt to develop a rigorous definition of metonymy as a linguistic phenomenon. This is in response to the currently popular notion of metonymy as a conceptual phenomenon, which I find highly problematic. According to my definition, metonymy can be identified thanks to three criteria: 1) the presence of a reference shift from the normal referent of the metonymically-used noun to its intended referent; 2) the presence of a semantic type shift in the metonymically-employed noun, or of some gap in the information conveyed by the metonymically-employed noun which is filled via free pragmatic enrichment; and 3) the presence of conceptual contiguity between the entities involved in the metonymy (the source and target). I built a corpus of 300 examples taken from the linguistic literature using these criteria. I also address the issue of metonymic productivity, suggesting that it is motivated by principles of cognitive and communicative salience (some of which have been listed by Radden and Kövecses, 2007). The novelty of this proposal lies in the idea that metonymic productivity is not motivated just by one principle, but by many of them interacting in a complex way.
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