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Tesi etd-04282011-152207


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
GRANDE, FRANCESCO
URN
etd-04282011-152207
Title
Copulae and Classifiers in the Arabic Noun Phrase
Settore scientifico disciplinare
L-LIN/01
Corso di studi
LINGUISTICA GENERALE, STORICA, APPLICATA, COMPUTAZIONALE E DELLE LINGUE MODERNE (ITALIANO, INGLESE, FRANCESE, SPAGNOLO, TEDESCO)
Commissione
tutor Prof. Marotta, Giovanna
tutor Prof. Ghersetti, Antonella
Parole chiave
  • syntax of predication
  • non-restrictive relative clause
  • language contact
  • dynamic antisymmetry
  • copula
  • classifiers
  • Arabic noun phrase
Data inizio appello
15/06/2011;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
This thesis proposes a reconsideration of the Arabic adnominal markers and of its modification<br>structure, on the ground that the current analytical trend, which likens them to their<br>Indo-european counterparts, runs into several problems. It develops an unified account of the<br>adnominal markers, and argues that all of them are to be understood as copulae recursively<br>embedded into the Arabic modification structure. Modifiers too are interpreted here in an unified<br>way, all of them being rethought of as a non-restrictive relative clause, at least originally.<br>Among the consequences of this approach are reinterpreting nunation as a Numeral Classifier<br>and the prenominal article as a medial article. As for case-endings, the present dissertation<br>revives the Semitistic hypothesis that underlying to them is a morpheme w and proposes to<br>identify it with the Conjunction w ‘and’ widespread in Arabic and Semitic, since this kind of<br>conjunction crosslinguistically (e.g. in English, Somali) mediates the predicational relationship<br>between the NP / Subject and the non-restrictive relative clause / Predicate. Moreover, it is<br>argued here that Arabic case is actually a semantic opposition Subject vs. Non-subject that<br>develops out of a copular opposition between lack vs. presence of Predicate Inversion.<br>The copula analysis of the Arabic modification structure has also some interesting implications<br>for linguistic theory in general, because it provides a definition of word as well as a better<br>understanding of the fusive, agglutinating and isolating morphological types.<br>This thesis capitalizes on the findings of some recent threads of research. On diachronic level,<br>it adopts Owens’s theory about Arabic dialects and Classical Arabic, according to which the<br>former are older than the latter, as well as Garbini’s and Durand’s view that Arabic is a mixed<br>language made up of an Amorite and a Pre-semitic parastrate. In synchrony, it follows Moro’s<br>theory of Dynamic Antisymmetry, which explains the displacement phenomenon typical of natural<br>languages as a consequence of another key-property of them, namely Saussurean linearity.
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