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Digital archive of theses discussed at the University of Pisa


Thesis etd-04162021-124556

Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Thesis title
Efficient projection-space resolution modelling for image reconstruction in Positron Emission Tomography
Academic discipline
Course of study
tutor Belcari, Nicola
  • detector model
  • detector response
  • image reconstruction
  • pet
  • system model
Graduation session start date
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique used for
the measurement of the spatial distribution of a radiotracer in a living subject.
PET images are typically obtained using iterative reconstruction algorithms,
instead of analytical methods, as they provide superior image quality thanks
to better modelling of the statistical properties of the data and to an accurate
description of the acquisition process. The acquisition process, in terms of the
relation between the object space and the measurement (or projection) space,
is defined into the so-called system model, and the modelling of the phenomena
that occur during the process is referred to as resolution modelling. The accuracy
with which the system model is defined plays a critical role in the quality of the
reconstructed images, as the model can incorporate various resolution degrading
factors. However, its efficient application to the reconstruction process remains a
challenging aspect. In fact, accurate models require high computational resources
when computed on-the-fly during the reconstruction process or high memory
resources when pre-computed stored models are used.
The main purposes of this thesis are the development of an efficient method
to perform the resolution modelling for pixellated non-TOF PET scanners and its
implementation in a generic reconstruction software to provide fast and accurate
image reconstruction for user-defined scanner geometries. This thesis targets pre-
clinical and application dedicated scanners (like brain tomographs), in which the
reconstructed field of view extends to a large portion of the scanner bore and
the detector response is the main degrading factor of the image quality.
The approach used in this work is the factorization of the system model into several
components, with particular regard to the e#cient computation and application
of the geometric (G) component and projection-space (D) component.