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Tesi etd-03302012-113625

Thesis type
Tesi di laurea specialistica LC5
Synthesis of New Heteropolycyclic Compounds as Potential VEGFR Inhibitors.
Corso di studi
relatore Dott.ssa Salerno, Silvia
correlatore Prof.ssa Marini, Anna Maria
Parole chiave
  • Heteropolycyclic compounds
  • VEGFR inhibitors
  • Antitumoral
Data inizio appello
Data di rilascio
Riassunto analitico
The molecular basis of tumour angiogenesis has been extensively studied and the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) pathway has emerged as one of the most important positive modulators of this process. The various members of the VEFG family have overlapping abilities to interact with a set of tyrosine kinase receptors: VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 (KDR), largely expressed in endothelial cells and primarily involved in angiogenesis, and VEGFR-3, located in lymphatic vessels, where it seems to be critical in regulating lymphoangiogenesis.
The demonstration that expression of VEGF and of its receptors correlates with the degree of vascularization of many experimental and clinical tumours led to the rational design and development of agents targeting this pathway The new agents range from anti-VEGF monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, to small-molecule ATP-competitive VEGFR inhibitors, including compounds from distinct heterocyclic classes.
Inside the class of fused pyrimidines, those bearing the aniline substituted pyrimidine core showed to possess excellent antiangiogenic effects, and have widely been used as a basis for the design of new VEGFR-2 competitive inhibitors.
In this regard, my thesis work concerned the preparation of novel heteropolycyclic compounds, characterized by an aniline (m-substituted) inserted in an appropriate position of the scaffold.
Moreover, with the aim to perform critical SAR studies, the new analogue benzylamino derivatives were obtained.
The antiproliferative activity of new heteropolycyclic compounds will be performed on HeLa (cervix adenocarcinoma), A-431 (epidermoid carcinoma), MSTO-211H (biphasic mesothelioma) cell lines and on Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC); the results will be expressed as IC50 values, i.e. the concentration (microM) of compound able to produce 50% cell death with respect to the control culture. With the aim to investigate the mechanism of action responsible for the antiproliferative effect, the ability of new derivatives to inhibit the KDR tyrosine kinase activity will be determined by a biochemical assay performed with a recombinant human kinase insert domain receptor.