ETD system

Electronic theses and dissertations repository


Tesi etd-03302008-005252

Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
About the Use of Adaptive Antennas in 60 GHz UWB-OFDM Personal Area Network Transceivers
Settore scientifico disciplinare
Corso di studi
Relatore Prof. Luise, Marco
Parole chiave
  • IEEE 802.15.3 c MAC
  • CRB on DOA estimation
  • adaptive antennas
Data inizio appello
Riassunto analitico
The recent opening of unlicensed spectrum around 60 GHz has raised the interest in designing gigabit Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs). Since at 60 GHz the signal attenuation is strong, this band is basically suitable for short range wireless communications. It is understood that directional antennas can be employed to compensate for the path loss and combat the waste of power due to the scatter phenomena characteristic of these high frequencies.
This thesis studies the use of adaptive array systems in 60 GHz Ultra Wide Band-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (UWB-OFDM) personal area network transceivers. The study has been conducted by simulations and theoretical analysis. Two sensor arrangements have been considered, the Uniform Linear Arrays (ULA) and the Uniform Circular Arrays (UCA), in the simple case of the Line of Sight (LOS) transmission scenario.
On the one hand we have designed a IEEE 802.15.3c Medium Access Control (MAC) phased-array controller throughput using Direction of Arrival (DOA) estimation to perform beamsteering. We have simulated the MAC controller with the network simulator ns-2. The impact of the array controller performance onto the achievable throughput of the wireless links has been studied to draw the requirements about the standard deviation of the DOA estimator.
On the other hand, we have found the Cramér-Rao Bound (CRB) for DOA estimation of impinging 60 GHz OFDM sources. The requirements of the standard deviation of the DOA estimator are analysed against the CRB for DOA to validate the design of the directional 60 GHz UWB-OFDM transceivers.
The comparison reveals that directional 60 GHz UWB-OFDM transceivers can achieve high wireless throughput with a number of pilot subcarriers and for a Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) operating range typical of next generation WPANs