Digital archive of theses discussed at the University of Pisa


Thesis etd-09242003-174956

Thesis type
Tesi di laurea vecchio ordinamento
Costagli, Mauro
email address
Thesis title
Bayesian Source Separation of Astrophysical Images Using Particle Filters (Separazione Bayesiana di Sorgenti in Immagini Astrofisiche Utilizzando "Particle Filters")
Course of study
relatore Gini, Fulvio
  • Particle Filtering
  • A-priori Information
  • Sequential Markov Chain Monte Carlo
  • Cosmic Microwave Background
  • Non-Stationary Noise
  • Non-Gaussian Models
  • Blind Source Separation
  • Bayesian Source Separation
  • Independent Component Analysis
Graduation session start date
The problem of separating a superposition of
different, simultaneous signals from their mixture appears very frequently in various fields of engineering, such as speech processing,
telecommunications, biomedical imaging and financial data analysis.
In this thesis, we will confront the problem of source separation in the field of astrophysics, where the contributions of various Galactic and
extra-Galactic components need to be separated from a set of observed noisy mixtures.
Most of the previous work on the problem perform a blind separation, assume noiseless models, and in the few cases when noise is taken
into account it is generally assumed to be
Gaussian and space-invariant.
Our objective is to study a novel technique named particle filtering, and implement it for the non-blind solution of the source separation problem.
Particle filtering is an advanced Bayesian estimation method
which can deal with non-Gaussian and nonlinear models, and additive space-varying noise, in the sense that it is a generalization of the Kalman Filter.
In this work, particle filters are utilized with objectives of both noise filtering and separation of signals:
this approach is extremely flexible, as it is possible
to exploit the available a-priori information about
the statistical properties of the sources through the Bayesian theory.
Especially in case of low SNR, our simulations show that the output quality of the separated signals is better than that of ICA, which is one of the most widespread
methods for source separation.
On the other hand, since a wide set of
parameters, which can take from a large range of values, has to be initialized, the use of this approach needs extensive experimentation and testing.