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Tesi etd-05032011-145735


Thesis type
Tesi di dottorato di ricerca
Author
DAINELLI, GIULIO
URN
etd-05032011-145735
Title
Advanced Techniques for Future Multicarrier Systems
Settore scientifico disciplinare
ING-INF/03
Corso di studi
INGEGNERIA DELL'INFORMAZIONE
Commissione
tutor Ing. MORETTI, MARCO
tutor Prof. Morelli, Michele
tutor Prof. D'Andrea, Aldo N.
Parole chiave
  • OFDMA
  • Packet scheduling
  • Radio resource allocation
  • Frequency Estimation
  • FBMC
Data inizio appello
30/05/2011;
Consultabilità
completa
Riassunto analitico
Future multicarrier systems face the tough challenge of supporting high data-rate and high-quality services. The main limitation is the frequency-selective nature of the propagation channel that affects the received signal, thus degrading the system performance.<br><br>OFDM can be envisaged as one of the most promising modulation techniques for future communication systems. It exhibits robustness to ISI even in very dispersive environments and its main characteristic is to take advantage of channel diversity by performing dynamic resource allocation. In a multi-user OFDMA scenario, the challenge is to allocate, on the basis of the channel knowledge, different portions of the available frequency spectrum among the users in the systems.<br><br>Literature on resource allocation for OFDMA systems mainly focused on single-cell systems, where the objective is to assign subcarriers, power and data-rate for each user according to a predetermined criterion. The problem can be formulated with the goal of either maximizing the system sum-rate subject to a constraint on transmitted power or minimizing the overall power consumption under some predetermined constraints on rate per user. Only recently, literature focuses on resource allocation in multi-cell networks, where the goal is not only to take advantage of frequency and multi-user diversity, but also to mitigate MAI, which represents one of the most limiting factor for such problems.<br><br>We consider a multi-cell OFDMA system with frequency reuse distance equal to one. Allowing all cells to transmit on the whole bandwidth unveils large potential gains in terms of spectral efficiency in comparison with conventional cellular systems. Such a scenario, however, is often deemed unfeasible because of the strong MAI that negatively affects the system performance. In this dissertation we present a layered architecture that integrates a packet scheduler with an adaptive resource allocator, explicitly designed to take care of the multiple access interference. Each cell performs its resource management in a distributed way without any central controller. Iterative resource allocation assigns radio channels to the users so as to minimize the interference. Packet scheduling guarantees that all users get a fair share of resources regardless of their position in the cell. This scheduler-allocator architecture integrates both goals and is able to self adapt to any traffic and user configuration. An adaptive, distributed load control strategy can reduce the cell load so that the iterative procedure always converges to a stable allocation, regardless of the interference. Numerical results show that the proposed architecture guarantees both high spectral efficiency and throughput fairness among flows.<br><br>In the second part of this dissertation we deal with FBMC communication systems. FBMC modulation is a valid alternative to conventional OFDM signaling as it presents a set of appealing characteristics, such as robustness to narrowband interferers, more flexibility to allocate groups of subchannels to different users/services, and frequency-domain equalization without any cyclic extension. However, like any other multicarrier modulations, FBMC is strongly affected by residual CFOs that have to be accurately estimated.<br><br>Unlike previously proposed algorithms, whereby frequency is recovered either relying on known pilot symbols multiplexed with the data stream or exploiting specific properties of the multicarrier signal structure following a blind approach, we present and discuss an algorithm based on the ML principle, which takes advantage both of pilot symbols and also indirectly of data symbols through knowledge and exploitation of their specific modulation format. The algorithm requires the availability of the statistical properties of channel fading up to second-order moments. It is shown that the above approach allows to improve on both frequency acquisition range and estimation accuracy of previously published schemes.<br>
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